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  • Writer's pictureMonty Randhawa

Defending Infractions, Misdemeanors, and Felonies in California

Updated: Nov 28, 2023


When it comes to criminal law, offenses are categorized into three main types: infractions, misdemeanors, and felonies. Each of these categories carries different consequences and potential penalties in the State of California. In this comprehensive guide, we'll delve into the distinctions between these offenses, explore the additional ramifications for felony pleas, and discuss the types of jail or prison sentences associated with each. Infractions

Infractions are the least severe category of criminal offenses. They typically involve minor violations of the law and are often referred to as "non-criminal" offenses. Common examples of infractions include traffic violations, littering, and other minor regulatory offenses. Penalties Fines or citations No jail time No probation

Community Service


Misdemeanors are more serious than infractions but less severe than felonies. They encompass a wide range of offenses, such as petty theft, DUI, simple assault, and minor drug possession. Penalties and Fines

Up to one year in county jail. Probation, community service, or mandatory counseling programs


Alcohol programs such as first conviction or multiple offender dui program


Felonies are the most serious category of criminal offenses. These crimes often involve significant harm to individuals, property, or society as a whole. Examples include murder, armed robbery, DUI with Injury, and drug trafficking. Penalties and Fines Hefty fines. State prison sentences, which can range from several years to life Parole upon release Loss of certain civil rights (e.g., voting, firearm ownership) Potential consequences for employment and housing Additional Ramifications for Felony Pleas Choosing to plead guilty to a felony charge can have far-reaching consequences, including: Criminal Record

Felony convictions result in a permanent criminal record, which can impact future employment opportunities and housing prospects.

Loss of Civil Rights: Convicted felons may lose the right to vote, possess firearms, and hold public office in some cases.

Difficulty Obtaining Loans: A felony record can make it challenging to secure loans or financial aid for education.

Immigration Consequences: Non-U.S. citizens may face deportation or inadmissibility if convicted of a felony.

Social Stigma: Felony convictions can carry a heavy social stigma, affecting personal relationships and reputation.

Jail/Prison Type The type of correctional facility a person may be sent to depends on the severity of the offense. However if sentenced to prison, you will serve time in a county jail or state prison.

Experienced Criminal Defense Attorney As a former prosecutor and a dedicated criminal defense attorney in San Diego County, I understand the complexities of criminal law. Monty is highly experienced in defending misdemeanors and felonies in California If you or a loved one are facing criminal charges or have questions about the legal process, contact the Law Offices of Monty Randhawa. We are committed to providing top-notch representation, protecting your rights, and fighting for the best possible outcome in your case. At the Law Offices of Monty Randhawa, we believe that everyone deserves a strong defense, no matter the nature of the charges. Contact us today for a free consultation, and let us help you navigate the legal system with confidence and expertise. Disclaimer: This article is provided for informational purposes only and should not be considered legal advice. Please consult with an attorney for guidance on your specific legal situation.

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